Multi-sector Study of the Internally Displaced Persons in Yemen – “Baseline Study”
Multi-sector Study of the Internally Displaced Persons in Yemen – “Baseline Study”
This morning, the Executive Unit for the IDPs Camps Management in Yemen launches a comprehensive survey that dealt with the humanitarian situation of the displaced persons in many Yemeni governorates.
The study is entitled “Displacement in Yemen”, it offers details on the situation of the displaced persons in houses and camps; their numbers, locations and needs within the various humanitarian sectors, based on a comprehensive field survey.
The Executive Unit indicates that the number of displaced persons in the liberated governorates in Yemen is (445,410) households with (2,827,686) individuals, of whom (78,668) with (403,381) individuals households live in the camps, while the number of displaced households who live in houses is (366,742) with (2,424,305) individuals.
The report stated that “the number of vulnerable cases of the displaced persons is (547,922), including (472993) vulnerable cases in the houses, and (74929) vulnerable cases in the camps.
The report revealed that, “the Executive Unit runs (548) camps in 13 governorates, in which there are (403,381) displaced persons, and it manages (902) residential gatherings in which the displaced persons are in houses.
The report indicated that “the number of camps that need support in management and capacity building is (477), while the number of camps supported in management and capacity building that are managed by the Executive Unit in partnership with UNHCR is (71) camps.”
The study, which was produced in the form of a report, added that “79 of the IDPs camps are threatened with eviction, while (26,234), or (7%), of the households who live in houses are threatened with eviction due to tension with the host community as a result of not targeting the host community with aid, and (51001) displaced households are threatened with eviction from houses due to the inability to pay the rent.”
The report indicated that “(289 camps / 33888 households) at rates of (58% / 43%) out of the total number of camps and households respectively are threatened by torrential rains and floods.”
The report indicated that (86) of the IDPs camps are located on state lands, while there are (462) camps located on private lands.
According to the report, “the representatives (focal points ) of the Executive Unit are present to provide services and protect the displaced persons in (548) camps, while the camp coordination and management partner is present in (103) camps.”
The report has concentrated on the humanitarian needs in various sectors, as the report revealed, ” there are (84009) households in the host community, and (112,480) households, who live in rental houses, need non-food items, while displaced (134,757) households, who live in rented houses need assistance to pay the rent.
The report has registered (5485) households distributed over 381 camps, at a rate of 76% of the camps are hosted by other households inside the camps who need to be provided with shelter, while (30,678) households, at a rate of 56% of the camps are in urgent need for providing them with transitional shelters.
In WASH sector, the report registered “207,044 households in houses at a rate of 57%, that need potable water, and (175567) households at a rate of 48% of the total displaced people in houses, need water for use, and (19015) households at a rate of 24% of the IDP households in the camps depend for potable water on water tanks and purchasing water gallons as the main sources of drinking, while (205) of the IDPs camps do not have sufficient water, (57%) of the camps do not have free water, and (37%) of the IDPs camps suffer from unavailability of potable water.”
The report showed that “about (14,896) households in the IDPs camps do not have household bathrooms, while (7076) bathrooms inside the IDPs camps do not have access to water, (13626) bathrooms need maintenance, and (21182) bathrooms in the camps are unusable due to defects in construction and lack of maintenance .”
The report revealed that “22122 households of the total number of households in the IDPs camps did not receive hygiene kits, while (72%) of the camps did not witness any distribution of hygiene kits.
In health and nutrition sector, the report indicated that, “(348) of the IDPs camps at a rate of 69%, lack health services, and (403) camps do not have mobile medical clinics at a rate of (80%) of the camps, while (71%) of the camps need assistance on the health services and (479) camps need fixed medical clinics.
The report indicated that (84%) of the camps have diseases vectors, and the number of people infected with communicable diseases (malaria, watery diarrhea and skin diseases) among the IDPs in the camps is (26,102), at a rate of (6%), while the number of people with chronic diseases in the camps is (26,253), at a rate of 7% of the total IDPs.
The report revealed that “(4089) children suffer from malnutrition of the first degree, i.e. one child in ten of the IDPs in the camps suffer from acute malnutrition (first degree).”
The report revealed that “measles, cholera, bloody diarrhea, scabies, skin diseases, watery diarrhea, and malaria spread with (21%, 15%, 14%, 7%, 48% , 61% and 56%) respectively in the camps.
In the food security sector, the report indicated that “(285,388) displaced households in the houses suffer from food insecurity, at a rate of (78%), while the number of displaced households in the camps that suffer from food insecurity and did not receive food aid is (34333), at a rate of 44%.
The report indicated that “(20688) households in the camps, at a rate of (26.3%), depend on the daily wage as the main source of living, and only (22%) of the households benefited from food security projects.
The analysis of the data showed that “(78%) of the households are not targeted within the food security programs, and (39%) of the households depend on self-employment and daily wages as a main source of income, while (6%) of the households depend on begging as a main source of income.
In the education sector, the report revealed that “the number of children at school age is (491,600), including (246499) males and (245101) females.”
According to the report, “the number of displaced students in the houses that are not enrolled in education is (67,204) male and female students, at a rate of 18% of the total children in houses, while the number of children that are not enrolled in education in the camps is (47237) children with a rate of (42%) of the total children in the camps.
The report displayed that (30%) of the camps lack children education, while (40 %) of the education situation is very weak.
The findings revealed that there are (2253) students at school age in the camps. They are deprived from enrolling in education because the schools were destroyed by the war. that (1783 (students in the camps are not enrolled in education due to the lack of catch-up classes in the camps, and there are no schools in (431) camps at a rate of (86%) of the total number of camps.
The report indicated that ” there are no schools close to 33 % of the camps.
In the protection sector, the report indicated that, “the number of IDP camps where protection services are not available is (247), at a rate of (49.20%), which leads to deprive (305,229) IDPs of the protection services, while (470) IDP camps are in need for child-friendly spaces, while 481 camps need social workers, at a rate of 96% of the total number of camps.
The report issued by Executive Unit for IDP Camps Management registered (103,966) IDP children who need birth certificates to enable them to enroll in schools, and (108,527) IDPs in the camps do not have personal identification documents, while (35361) IDPs in the camps need legal consultations in 230 sites and (17,570) IDPs need psychological support.
According to the report’s indicators in the protection sector, “(66 %) of IDP children do not have any support in protection activities, and (146) sites need community integration programs to reduce tension with the host community, while (397) sites do have no legal and cash assistance for protection where there are IDPs in need of such type of assistance”.
There are (247) sites experiencing difficulty in accessing services and aids, and they are in dire need of relief aid, (138) sites require community service points that provide multiple protection services.
The report recommended that “working on permanent solutions by adopting sustainable projects, working through government institutions providing service, and adopting an exit strategy in all projects executed by organizations.”
The report also recommended that “it is necessary to promote community peace and to reduce tension between the host communities and IDPs.”
The report stressed “the necessity of joint action between the government institutions and humanitarian partners and this is the only way to deal with the humanitarian crisis and mitigate its impact, and to involve the IDPs in planning for their future.”
The report called for “targeting IDPs in houses and host communities.”
The report recommended that it is necessary to work on finding a mechanism to provide needs in all humanitarian sectors.